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Hyper Wiki - answers to popular questions

What is SSL?

SSL certificate - is a unique security technology for establishing an encrypted link between a server and a client site. This certificate is installed for SSL protocol work. Also, it allows transferring data using HTTPS in an encrypted form that can be decoded using appropriate key.

An SSL certificate is a certificate for secure data transfer between the server where the site is located and the web browser of the site visitor. SSL is installed on the server from which the site is running. After installation, the website is accessible via a secure data transfer protocol - https.

SSL (Secure Sockets Layer) encrypts the data that is transmitted over the network, so scammers cannot intercept it. SSL is also a way to increase the reputation of the website since when you visit the site you can immediately see that it is safe. This affects the loyalty of site users and search engines. Google likes safe sites and advises you not to visit unsafe sites at all, so it issues a warning. An SSL certificate is the protection of confidential user data. Before, installing a certificate was recommended for sites with user personal data. But today, an SSL certificate is required for every site to work properly. When a green padlock and https are added to the site's browser line, this means that the site can be trusted with your personal data, for example, when paying online or registering an account.

An SSL certificate is a unique digital signature that can protect the data of website users from the fraudulent actions of a third party.

SSL certificate contains the domain name, city, and country of the owner; term of using; contact information of the certificate provider.

Who needs SSL?

Today, an SSL certificate is needed for almost all sites on the Internet. This is not only data protection but also the reputation of the website in the eyes of users and search engines. It is not necessary to buy the most expensive certificate for a beginner-level website, you can install a free one from Lets Encrypt. And then connect a more reliable SSL for your site.

SSL is  for the next types of websites:

  • online stores where users make online purchases and enter card details when paying;

  • sites where user accounts are registered with their personal data;

  • mail servers;

  • banking organizations, stock exchanges, payment systems;

  • developers to sign products;

  • all sites that care about reputation.

Types of certificates

Certificates can be of several types. These are certificates for one domain (the most popular), for several domains at once, and for a domain and subdomains.

If you have a personal website on a single domain without extra subdomains, then the simplest security certificate, such as Comodo Positive SSL, Comodo Essential SSL, or even free Lets Encrypt. This type of certificate is the cheapest but provides all the guarantees of protection for a single site domain name.

If you have many sites, you can buy a separate certificate for each site or choose a multi-domain SSL. A multi-domain certificate is able to protect several domains at once, the cost is much higher than that of a regular certificate for one domain. An example of a multi-domain certificate: Comodo EV Multi Domain, Comodo PositiveSSL Multi-Domain (UCC/SAN) SSL.

If you need to cover a domain but with many subdomains, then a Wildcard type certificate such as Comodo Essential Wildcard SSL, Comodo Premium Wildcard will do. These are business-class certificates for projects with subdomains.

There are also signed certificates for signing documents or email, such as Comodo Personal Authentication - CPAC Basic. Or certificates for signing digital products - Comodo Code Signing SSL. This type of certificate is used by web developers to sign their own programs.

SSL verification levels

Levels of verification or validation for an SSL release:

  • domain name verification (DV);

  • organization verification (OV);

  • extended company verification (EV).

There are only 3 levels of verification for issuing an SSL certificate. The first level of DV stands for domain verification only and is used on the simplest certificates. For verification, you need to confirm the letter that will be sent to the mail of the domain from the Certification Authority. Or you can also add a special Cname record to your domain settings, or a HTTPS file to your site's files. Using one of these methods, you can verify ownership of a domain to get a DV-level certificate. It can be, for example, Comodo Essential SSL.

The second level is the verification of the organization OV that ordered the certificate. This check may take several days. The data in the state register is checked, and scans of documents will also be needed. After ordering, the Certification Authority sends to the specified mail all the requirements that must be met to issue a certificate for the domain. SSL with this verification level is recommended for online stores, government organizations, etc.

And the third level of verification is the extended verification for EV certificates. This is the most difficult check, but this SSL is considered the most reliable and secure. It is issued only to legal entities. A complete list of requirements for checking your company will come to your mail from the Certification Center. SSL issuance may even a few weeks, this is not a quick check, but it is the most reliable. EV-level certificates are using for banks, corporate websites, government sites. An example of an EV level certificate is Comodo InstantSSL Premium, Comodo EV Multi Domain, GeoTrust True BusinessID with EV Certificate.

How to buy SSL?

You can buy SSL of any degree of verification on the website of HyperHost. You must select the appropriate SSL and place an order from the site. You will need to enter the domain name of the site. After paying for the order, you will receive instructions by mail on what to do next. If your site is hosted by HyperHost, technical support will install a certificate. If your website is hosted by a third party, we will send you certificate files for installation. You can install the certificate yourself, ask your hosting provider for technical support, or we can also do it for an extra fee. 

We can also get a free certificate if your site is hosted on our shared hosting plans.

What SSL should I use? Write to our technical support, and we will help you choose the SSL for your site.

There are few types of certificates, and you can find it on our site. Also, you can order SSL certificate and we`ll install it for you.

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